React Tour

Routing

Similarly to Next.js, we define a new page by creating a new .page.jsx file.

// /pages/index.page.jsx
// Environment: Browser, Node.js

import React, { useState } from "react";
import { Counter } from "../components/Counter";

export { Page };

function Page() {
  return <>
    This page is rendered to HTML and interactive: <Counter />
  </>;
}

By default, vite-plugin-ssr does Filesystem Routing.

FILESYSTEM                  URL
/pages/index.page.jsx        /
/pages/about.page.jsx        /about

We can also define a page's route with a Route String (for parameterized routes such as /movies/@id) or a Route Function (for full programmatic flexibility).

// /pages/index.page.route.js
// Environment: Node.js (and Browser if we choose Client Routing)

// Note how the two files share the same base `/pages/index.page.`; this is how `vite-plugin-ssr`
// knows that `/pages/index.page.route.js` defines the route of `/pages/index.page.jsx`.

// Route Function
export default pageContext => pageContext.urlPathname === '/';

// If we don't create a `.page.route.js` file then vite-plugin-ssr does Filesystem Routing

Render Control

Unlike Next.js, we control how our pages are rendered.

// /renderer/_default.page.server.jsx
// Environment: Node.js

import ReactDOMServer from "react-dom/server";
import React from "react";
import { escapeInject, dangerouslySkipEscape } from "vite-plugin-ssr";

export { render };

async function render(pageContext) {
  const { Page, pageProps } = pageContext;
  const viewHtml = ReactDOMServer.renderToString(
    <Page {...pageProps} />
  );

  const title = "Vite SSR";

  return escapeInject`<!DOCTYPE html>
    <html>
      <head>
        <title>${title}</title>
      </head>
      <body>
        <div id="page-view">${dangerouslySkipEscape(viewHtml)}</div>
      </body>
    </html>`;
}
// /renderer/_default.page.client.jsx
// Environment: Browser

import ReactDOM from "react-dom";
import React from "react";

export { render };

async function render(pageContext) {
  const { Page, pageProps } = pageContext
  ReactDOM.hydrate(
    <Page {...pageProps} />,
    document.getElementById("page-view")
  );
}

This control enables us to easily and naturally integrate any tool we want (Redux, GraphQL, Service Worker, Preact, ...).

There are four page file suffixes:

  • .page.js: runs in the browser as well as in Node.js
  • .page.client.js: runs only in the browser
  • .page.server.js: runs only in Node.js
  • .page.route.js: defines the page's Route String or Route Function.

Instead of creating a .page.client.js and .page.server.js file for each page, we can create /renderer/_default.page.client.js and /renderer/_default.page.server.js which apply as default for all pages.

The last two files we created are actually /renderer/_default.page.client.jsx and /renderer/_default.page.server.jsx, which means that we can now create a new page just by defining a new .page.jsx file (the .page.route.js file is optional).

The _default.page. files can be overridden. For example, we can overriding our render() hooks for rendering some of our pages with a completely different UI framework such as Vue.

Data Fetching

Let's now have a look at how to fetch data.

// /pages/star-wars/movie.page.jsx
// Environment: Browser, Node.js

import React from "react";

export { Page };

function Page(pageProps) {
  const { movie } = pageProps;
  return <>
    <h1>{movie.title}</h1>
    <p>Release Date: {movie.release_date}</p>
    <p>Director: {movie.director}</p>
  </>;
}
// /pages/star-wars/movie.page.route.js
// Environment: Node.js

// Route String
export default "/star-wars/@movieId";
// /pages/star-wars/movie.page.server.js
// Environment: Node.js

import fetch from "node-fetch";

export async function onBeforeRender(pageContext) {
  // The route parameter of `/star-wars/@movieId` is available at `pageContext.routeParams`
  const { movieId } = pageContext.routeParams;

  // `.page.server.js` files always run in Node.js; we could use SQL/ORM queries here.
  const response = await fetch(`https://swapi.dev/api/films/${movieId}`);
  let movie = await response.json();

  // Our render and hydrate functions we defined earlier pass `pageContext.pageProps` to
  // the root React component `Page`; this is where we define `pageProps`.
  const pageProps = { movie };

  // We make `pageProps` available as `pageContext.pageProps`
  return {
    pageContext: {
      pageProps
    }
  };
}

// By default `pageContext` is available only on the server. But our hydrate function
// we defined earlier runs in the browser and needs `pageContext.pageProps`; we use
// `passToClient` to tell `vite-plugin-ssr` to serialize and make `pageContext.pageProps`
// available to the browser.
export const passToClient = ["pageProps"];

That's it for the tour and we have actually already seen most of the interface; not only is vite-plugin-ssr flexible but it's also simple to use!

$ npm init vite-plugin-ssr
Run $ npm init vite-plugin-ssr to scaffold a new Vite/vite-plugin-ssr app, or add vite-plugin-ssr to your existing app by following the instructions here.